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Name: Paolo Benini
Location: SIENA




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postato da [14/10/2016 12:35]

Mental health problems account for some 30% of the total days of hospitalization in the United States and about 10% of total medical costs. The mental health problems that have received the most attention are anxiety and depression. Although millions of Americans have anxiety disorders and depression, not all of them have psychopathological states; many simply have subjective distress, a broader category of unpleasant emotions. For these people, regular exercise appears to have some therapeutic value in anxiety and Depression With Exercise reducing feelings of anxiety and depression. Participating in regular exercise for psychological well-being is more than an American phenomenon. For example, in a survey conducted in England, Londoners also found exercise to be one of the most effective things to do when feeling depressed. So far, most studies of the relationship between exercise and reductions in anxiety and depression have been correlational, so we cannot conclusively state that it was exercise that caused or produced the change in mood state. Rather, exercise appears to be associated with positive changes in mood states and reductions in anxiety and depression. The effects of exercise on anxiety and depression can be classified as acute or chronic. Acute effects refer to immediate and possibly, but not necessarily, temporary effects arising from a single bout of exercise. Sport psychologists have also studied the long-term or chronic effects of exercise, investigating the validity of the old motto "A sound mind in a sound body." Research on the chronic effects of exercise has focused on changes over time in both anxiety and depression. The vast majority of research on the relationship between exercise and psychological well-being has used aerobic exercise. Although it was once believed that exercise needed to be of a certain or sufficient duration and intensity to produce positive psychological effects, research has indicated that high-intensity aerobic activity is not absolutely necessary to produce these positive benefits (e.g., Berger & Motl, 2001; Landers & Arent, 2001). In fact, activities such as weight or strength training, yoga, and other nonaerobic exercises have produced positive effects on psychological well-being. "Chronic Exercise and Mental Health" presents the conditions most associated with reductions in anxiety and depression and positive changes in mood.